Interior design is the art and science of enhancing the interiors of a space or building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the end user. An interior designer is someone who plans, researches, coordinates, and manages such projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, space planning, site inspections, programming, research, communicating with the stakeholders of a project, construction management, and execution of the design
One of the most important considerations when planning a room’s design is how that space will be used. If you’re designing a bathroom, for example, you want to think about whether it will be used by an adult couple, by a family with several children or by guests only.
How you arrange the furniture and other objects in the space determines the flow of it. Ideally, you’ll want a space that has a gentle flow, so that things don’t seem crowded. There should be room for people to move easily among the furniture, without having the space be too sparse.
Lighting is incredibly important when it comes to designing a space. Depending on the room, you might have an ample amount of natural light to work with, or you might have to bring in sources of artificial light. Having too much light can be just as bad as having too little light. room that is too bright can be very uncomfortable to be in, while it’s difficult to get things done in a dimly lit room. When considering the best lighting for a space, it’s a good idea to think back to how it will be used, too.
Think of the furniture needs for the space before thinking about the smaller details. How you’ll use the space plays a part in the furniture that will work in it. For example, a decent amount of seating is usually a must in a living area, while a workspace is important in a study or office. Consider the size of the furniture and how it works in the room too. You don’t need to have only small pieces in a small space, but you want to be careful not to choose too many large pieces if the room itself is small.
Height matters when selecting furniture and when deciding where to hang artwork or wall décor. It also matters when it comes to lighting. Usually, a good rule of thumb to follow is to position things at eye level, so that people don’t have to lean back or look up to see any artwork.
Bookcases that are overflowing, pillows that cover the entire sofa, and vignettes that look more cluttered than curated — it’s possible to put too much in a space. The size of the room and how you’ll use it will give you an idea of the amount of stuff that is appropriate. A few large items are usually better then many small, inexpensive items.
How practical the space is connects back to how it will be used. If you are designing a study, for example, it will make sense to place the work area by an outlet, so that any devices can be plugged in. If the space needs a lot of storage, such as a kitchen or bathroom, that should be included in the design.
Everything should work together in the space, so that there’s a feeling of cohesion and connectedness. Creating balance and harmony in the space doesn’t mean that everything needs to match perfectly. It does mean that the space should feel as though it belongs with the rest of the home.