Flooring

Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor. Floor covering is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor structure to provide a walking surface. A tile is a manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, metal, or even glass, generally used for covering roofs, floors, walls, showers, or other objects such as tabletops.



Ceramic Tile

Ceramic tile is made up of sand, natural products, and clays and once it has been moulded into shape they are then fired in a kiln.



Vitrified Tile

Vitrified tile is a ceramic tile with very low porosity. It is an alternative to marble and granite flooring. Vitrified tiles are often used outdoors due to their water and frost resistance.

Types of Flooring

Tile Flooring Stone Flooring Wood Flooring Mosaic Flooring
Marble Flooring PVC Flooring Glass Flooring Laminate Flooring
Vinyl Flooring Cork Flooring Rubber Flooring Carpet Flooring
Brick Flooring Concrete Flooring Acid Resisting ( Industrial ) Flooring Polyurethene Flooring ( Car Parking Floor )
Commonly Used Tiles

Ceramic or Porcelain Floor Tile

  • Used For: The workhorse of kitchen and bathroom floor surfaces, ceramic tile is called both ceramic and porcelain. The difference of names hinges on water absorption rates. Tile that absorbs water at a slower rate is officially called porcelain, and is best for high-moisture spaces like bathrooms. The kitchen - A place where moisture is definitely present but not in the quantities found in bathrooms; can have tile rated as porcelain or not.

  • Sizes: From 6"x6" to 16"x16". The ubiquitous 12" square ceramic tile is being edged out in popularity by the larger 16" square tile. Even larger tiles are being installed in kitchens where space permits.

  • Pay Attention To: Coefficient of Friction (COF) rating determines how much slip resistance the tile has. Higher numbers provide better resistance to slipping. A COF of .50 (dry) is recommended for flooring. Keep in mind, though, that the more slip resistant the tile, the more difficult it is to wet-mop.

Glazed Wall Tile

  • Used For: As the name implies, it's used for walls only. If rated for walls, it cannot be used for floors; however, flooring tile can be used on walls.

  • Sizes: The most popular wall tile sizes are subway (tile with a width-to-height ratio of about 2:1) and 4"x4" tiles.

  • Pay Attention To: PEI Wear Ratings tell you if the tile is best suited for walls. Ratings graded I or II mean that this lighter-weight tile is best suited for wall installation (lighter is better when installing on a vertical surface). By the same token, PEI I and II tiles cannot be used on floors, as they will not be durable enough for foot traffic.

Mosaic Tile

  • Used For: Backsplashes and walls. Mosaic tile certainly can be used for floors, but this application isn't popular because its many grout lines make clean-up harder and it tends to have a "busy" look.

  • Sizes: Mosaic is the one type of tile that does not deviate from two sizes: 1"x1" or 2"x2". Sizes smaller than 1" square are not practicable, and anything larger than 2" square cannot rightly be called mosaic. Mosaic can be either square or hexagonal.

  • Pay Attention To: Glass mosaic does a great job of capturing and distributing light throughout the room.

Natural Stone Tile

  • Used For: Granite, marble, slate, and travertine tile work well for walls or for flooring where moisture is not of a concern.

  • Sizes: From 6"x6" upward. Larger size natural stone tiles can make a room look magisterial.

  • Pay Attention To: By definition, natural stone tile will have rectified edges (this means that the edges are cut). Ceramic tile can be rectified or non-rectified.

Quarry Tile

  • Used For: This unglazed tile is used for flooring, inside or outside. With a COF of .8 and greater, quarry tile provides excellent slip resistance.

  • Sizes: Usually from 3"x3" to 12"x12".

  • Pay Attention To: Not all quarry tile is brick-red. While red is the most popular color, you will also find this tile in tan and gray. Due to the difficulty in cleaning quarry tile, we recommend darker colors. If you choose to install lighter colors, sealing the surface will aid in cleanup. For more information, see our guide to cleaning quarry tile.

Paver Tile

  • Used For: Pressed clay or concrete tiles suitable for exterior walkways, floors, pool decking, pool linings, and patios. Interior residential use not recommended unless for high-traffic areas where aesthetics are not of great concern, such as mudrooms, furnace rooms, work areas, etc.

  • Sizes: Thick tiles (ranging from 3/8" to 1/2") with dimensions ranging from 4"x4" to 12"x12"..

  • Pay Attention To: Look for COF rating of .60 or greater.

Specifications Marble Granite
Raw Material Marble is a type of rock composed of recrystallized material most commonly limestone. The white marble comes from the most pure form of limestone. Colors and veins in the marble arise when other materials are present in the earth crust along with limestone. Marble gives soft look and provides elegance to the modern-era structures. Granite is a hard and tough stone that comes from igenous rocks and is more dense and have more compressive strength when compared to marble stones. The word tile flooring is used for many type of floorings and here we will discuss ceramic tiles. These tiles are made from porcelain, fired clay or ceramic with a glazed surface. These are available in both shining surface and rough surfaces which also makes them suitable for areas that tend to become slippery.
Implementation of Raw Material To implement marble flooring in any area, you would need marble stone, Coarse Sand, Ordinary Cement ,White Cement, Pigment and Polishing Material. Marble stone is laid on the base coat with 20 mm thick cement mortar 1:3 and joint should be filled with cement mixed with pigment. After curing it should be polished. To implement granite flooring in any area, you would need granite stone, Coarse Sand, Ordinary Cement ,White Cement, Pigment and Polishing Material. Granite stone is laid on the base coat with 20 mm thick cement mortar 1:3 and joint should be filled with cement mixed with pigment. After curing it should be polished. Tiles of all types are laid on the base coat with 12-20 mm thick cement mortar 1:3 and joint should be filled with white cement. Base coat is usually broken bricks or moti-rodi. If an existing cement flooring is already done then the tiles can be implemented on top of that using tiles adhesive. This implementation procedure is quicker compared to the implementation done through base coat.
Style/Finishing Marble flooring is considered very stylish and the following 3 type of finishes can be given to marble. Granite Stone is also considered very stylish. Its homogeneous look and crystalline finish makes it very attractive to designers. Polishing can be done easily on granite and wax polish is not necessary. Polishing can achieve a fine sheen on the granite. Tiles of all types are laid on the base coat with 12-20 mm thick cement mortar 1:3 and joint should be filled with white cement. Base coat is usually broken bricks or moti-rodi. If an existing cement flooring is already done then the tiles can be implemented on top of that using tiles adhesive. This implementation procedure is quicker compared to the implementation done through base coat.
Maintenance 1. Marble are easy to maintain and can be re-polished if you need to bring the shine back.

2. Marble is a porous material so if strong stain material is spilled on marble, it is recommended to wipe it quickly so that the marble does not absorb the stain.

3. Polishing can be done after a few years to bring back the shine.
1. Granite stone is very easy to maintain and can be re-polished if you need to bring the shine back.

2. Granite is not porous so it does not absorb stains in normal home or commercial usages.

3. Polishing can be done after a few years to bring back the shine.
1. The tiles are easily maintainable as these tiles are easily swiped, mopped and cleaned.

2. Once you make sure that the tiles are implemented properly using the right leveling, you will not have to worry about the tiles for a long time.
Advantages 1. Marble flooring is known for its superior, royal and decorative appearance. It is considered a style symbol.

2. Marble with matte finishes makes high quality kitchen counter tops exceptionally.

3. Cool surface of marble tiles can be quite pleasant and comfortable underfoot during the summers.

4. Marble flooring is very easy to maintain and requires occasional sweeping and polishing.

1. Granite flooring is considered rich and gives a rugged feeling.

2. Granite flooring is durable and hard and has homogeneous flooring.

3. Available in variety of colors.

4. It is durable than all other types of flooring.

1. Tile flooring are very strong.

2. This type of flooring is easy to clean and maintain being stain free, acid and alkali resistant.

3. Do not require polishing etc.

4. Easy to lay and ready for use in a matter of 48 hours after laying.

5. In fact, this is an architect marvel, with the infinite combination available in terms of design, color and finish, a designer can extend her imagination and create unique wall and floor design.

6. There are anti slip tile variant available in the market.

Uses It is used in flooring in interior and exterior of buildings except pathway And corridors etc. It is also used on walls decoration. It is used in flooring in interior and exterior of buildings including pathway, stairs, counters And corridors etc. It is also used on walls decoration. It is used in flooring in interior and exterior of buildings except pathway where special type of exterior pathway tiles are used.
It is also used on walls decoration in kitchen, bath room and entry gates or similar exterior places etc.
Size Availability Marble stone come from rocks which are not uniform and have a size 10 to 15 feet in length and 5 to 8 feet in width. The stone slabs are then cut and sold in the market. Granite stone come from rocks which are not uniform and have a size 10 to15 feet in length and 5 to 8 feet in width. The stone slabs are then cut and sold in the market. Tiles are available from 4’’x4’’ to 36’’x 36’’. They are available in square and rectangular shape.