Paint is any liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film. It is most commonly used to protect, color, or provide texture to objects.


                 Paint is a fluid material that has the ability to spread on a solid surface. This material on drying will form a film. The paint is applied in different layers over the surface called as the primary coat also as first coat, second coat ,etc…….

Need for Painting:

  • Painting will protect the surface from adverse impact of atmospheric action .
  • The surface is kept clean and safe.
  • It gives an attractive appearance to the surface .

Basics of Paint

The components of all paints contain pigments, solvents, additives and resins. In latex paint, the solvent is water, while in oil-based paint the solvent of choice is mineral spirits. The solvent is what causes the paint to be ‘wet’. As paint dries, the solvent will evaporate. You are left with the resins, pigments, and additives, which are the lasting ingredients. The pigment is the color, which is bound to the surface by the resin. Resins can be made of epoxy, acrylic or even silicone.

Additives give paint different properties, such as resisting the growth of mildew, making the paint easier to apply, or even making it easier to clean.

In both types (interior and exterior) the solvents and pigments share similarities. You can use either oil-based or water-based paints outdoors, but for interior work oil-based paints are not usually used. The reason is their odor and difficulty to clean-up.

Types of Paint:

Interior Paint

Distemper: A type of paint that is mixed with water and glue, used especially in the past for painting walls.

Types of Distemper

Dry Distemper: According to Indian Standard Dry Distemper is water-based wall paint but its binders may be natural or synthetic.

Synthetic Distemper : Synthetic distemper is a water based finish with exciting direct shade offering that give your home a beautiful look for years to come.

Acrylic Distemper : Acrylic distemper of the highest quality and gives the walls a delightful smooth matte finish.

Plastic Emulsion:

Plastic emulsion paint is a water based paint, which provides it a very soft appearance. It is durable, washable and even convenient to maintain.

Types of Emulsion

  • Regular Emulsion
  • Economy Emulsion
  • Silk Emulsion